Process of Cleaning Marble Flooring

Process of Cleaning Marble Flooring

Marble is one of the most beautiful natural stone, that gives houses and buildings an elegant look. It comes in various shades and styles, is mainly used for construction of floor tiles, countertops and furnitures. It is highly durable but consists of various impurities, that gives it the unique appearance forming different patterns and shade, but on the other hand these impurities also make the marble comparatively softer, due to which it can be stained and dulled easily if not taken proper care of. The required extent of cleaning depends majorly on the amount of impressions and vestige observed by the surface on daily basis, i.e. no doubt higher in case of commercial buildings, and also depends on the frequency of cleaning the marble floor, i.e. how frequently the floor has been cleaned after a specific time frame. The more the frequency of cleaning the less the maintenance required, while on the other hand, if the frequency of cleaning is less then the techniques used to clean the surface will be tougher which can lead to causing damage. It is therefore recommended that proper cleaning techniques should be applied at small and regular intervals. The regular maintenance will be very helpful in the long run to preserve its natural shine and also lead to longevity.
The cleaning and maintenance of Indian Marble can be done in following ways:
  1. Basic maintenance
  2. Stain removal
  3. Scratch removal
  1. Basic maintenance
The basics to keep your marbles at a bay from damage, few points are to be taken care of:
a)Safeguard from Scratches
Avoid direct contact of sharp ans edged objects with marble surfaces. For furniture like chair ans tables, padding can be done under the legs so that marble floor is safe from scratch, while you displace or move the furniture around the space. To keep the countertops protected, you can use mats, coasters while using glass objects or vessels and various other appliances.
b) Timely Cleaning
Due to porous nature, marble easily gets stained, if the spilled liquid is left unwiped and not taken care of for a long time. It's very important and suggested to immediately remove and clean the alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverage spill from the surface. Products having high pigmentation like coffee, lemon citric juices should be wiped off instantly.
c) Wipe with moist or damp cloth
Cleaning dust on the surface of marble will protect its shine for a long time, hence use a soft piece of cloth, that is dumped with warm water to clean the spills and dust. Do not rub or scrub hard over the surface, as that can lead to scratches. Cleaning with light hand, in circular motion around the affected area is all that is required.
d) Keep the marble surface dry
Care should be done after you finish cleaning the marble floor, countertops with wet cloth. Do not leave water as this may cause stains on the surface. After you finish cleaning, use a dry and soft cloth and delicately wipe the surface dry.
e) Use Natural and recommended cleaning materials.
A soft cloth dumped in diluted dish soap or natural cleanser is recommended to clean the dust from the marble floor and countertops. Hydrogen peroxide can be used to clean light shaded marble. Vinegar is a great natural cleanser, bit due to its acidic nature, it can cause damage to the marble surface. Therefore, should not be used to clean any marble appliance.
f) Use chamois cloth for shine
Chamois is a cloth made from soft fabric, used to dry the marble surface and provide shine. A marble polish long with this can be used, but that should be exclusively made for marble, and not any other natural stone like Indian granite etc. because the composition of every natural stone varies. The presence of any harsh chemical in the cleanser can lead to damaging of marble surface.
  1. Stain removal
a) Water spray on affected areas
First of all the stained area and the surrounding radius should be sprayed with water to dilute the effect of stain.
b) Treatment with formula /poultice
Poultice is a thick paste or dressing made of baking soda and water. It can also be made using flour and non-abrasive dish soap.
Apply: Prepare the formula and apply directly to the affected stain area. After that cover it with a plastic wrap and let ot dry and remain untouched for minimum next 24 hours.
Remove: After 24 hours, uncover the plastic wrap and use a soft and moist cloth to remove poultice. Repeat the process if required.
c) Use of hydrogen peroxide
Apply hydrogen peroxide over the stain surface, then cover it with plastic wrap and keep it untouched for 24 hours. Once the day has passed uncover the plastic wrap and gently remove the hydrogen peroxide using a soft and damp cloth. Repeat the process if required. Use of hydrogen peroxide on dark marble surfaces is not recommended as this can discolour the surface.
d) Use of Corn starch
On grease spots, use of corn starch is suggested, as it absorbs the substance. Apply corn starch on the grease spots and let it rest for around 20 to 30 minutes to let the corn starch absorb the grease, then using a soft and damp cloth wipe the surface.
  1. Scratch removal
a) Start with gentle cleaning
Use a soft cloth, damped in luke warm water to gently rub the scratches. A mild and natural dish soap can be used in the process. After cleaning make sure to dry the surface to avoid staining.
b) Use Sandpaper
Gentle rubbing with finely grained sandpaper is suggested for removal of deep scratches. Do not use coarse-grain sandpaper as it might lead to dents and cavities on the marble surface.
c) Professional help
In most of the cases, the above mentioned two methods work perfectly, but if they are not bringing the desired result, it is advised to hire an expert instead of causing more damage to the marble. The use of appropriate equipments by the professionals will help remove the scratch from the marble surface without causing any loss.
Indian Marble being a natural stone is sure to age with time, but proper care and maintenance can delay the phenomenon. Thus keeping the marble floors, countertops, and other surfaces shine and stay nee for a long time.